How to Choose the Right Business Structure

Business Structure advice and Set-up

Which structure is right for you: Sole Trader, Family Trust, Company, or Partnership?

Setting up a business involves making several important decisions, one of which is choosing the right business structure. The structure you select will significantly impact various aspects of your business, including taxation, liability, and governance. To help you make an informed decision, let’s explore the factors you should consider when evaluating the suitability of each structure: family trust, company, partnership, or sole trader.

Sole Trader
As a sole trader, you operate the business as an individual entity. Consider the following factors when evaluating the sole trader structure:

  1. Simplicity: The sole trader structure is the simplest and least costly to set up and manage. You have complete control over decision-making and management of the business.

  1. Taxation: As a sole trader, you report business income and expenses in your personal tax return. This means the business’s profits are taxed at individual tax rates, which could be a disadvantage, depending on your personal circumstances.

  1. Unlimited Liability: As a sole trader, there is no legal separation between you and your business. You bear full responsibility for the business’s debts, and if the business fails, your personal assets could be at risk.

Family Trust

A family trust, also known as a discretionary trust, can provide flexibility and asset protection for your business. Here are some key considerations:

  1. Taxation: Family trusts offer the advantage of tax flexibility. The trust distributes income to its beneficiaries, allowing for income splitting, which can reduce the overall tax burden. However, the income distribution must comply with tax laws and the trust deed.

  1. Asset Protection: Family trusts can protect assets from personal liabilities. By separating assets and control from individuals, a trust can sometimes act as an effective shield against legal claims and creditors.

  1. Complexity: Operating a family trust requires detailed record keeping, annual trust resolutions, and strict adherence to trust rules. Additionally, professional advice from an accountant or lawyer is often necessary during setup and ongoing management.


A company structure is a popular choice for many businesses due to its advantages in liability protection and ease of raising capital. Consider the following factors when evaluating a company structure:

  1. Limited Liability: A company structure ensures that your personal assets are separate from business liabilities. If the company faces financial challenges, shareholders’ liability is typically limited to their share capital.
  1. Tax Implications: Companies are subject to corporate tax rates, which are generally lower than personal tax rates. However, companies can sometimes enjoy access to unique tax concessions, such as the research and development (R&D) tax incentive scheme.
  1. Governance and Compliance: Companies have stricter compliance requirements, such as lodging annual financial statements. Additionally, decisions are made by directors and major business changes may require shareholder approval.


A partnership structure is suitable when two or more individuals or entities intend to carry on a business together. Key considerations for a partnership structure include:

  1. Shared Responsibility: In a partnership, each partner shares the business’s profits, losses, and responsibilities. It’s crucial to define the partnership’s terms, roles, and decision-making processes in a comprehensive partnership agreement.
  1. Taxation: Partnerships are not taxed as separate entities; instead, partners include their share of partnership income in their personal tax returns.
  1. Liability and Risk: Partnerships offer little or no protection against personal liability. Each partner is personally liable for the partnership’s debts and obligations, which can impact personal assets.

Please Seek Professional Advice!
Whilst the above provides a basic overview, it’s really important that you get a professional accountant to advise you, based upon your business and personal circumstance. Choosing the ideal business structure requires careful consideration of factors unique to your business and personal circumstances. It’s essential to consult with professionals such as accountants, lawyers, and business advisors who can provide comprehensive advice tailored to your specific needs.

By considering elements such as taxation implications, liability protection, governance requirements, and personal preferences, you can navigate through the options of a family trust, company, partnership, or sole trader structure to find the one that best suits your Australian business.

Remember, selecting the right structure is crucial to your business’s success, and expert guidance from professionals, like those at Byford Accountants, can help you make an informed decision. Reach out today to ensure you choose the most appropriate structure that aligns with your business goals and objectives.

Contact Byford Accountants Today.

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